DOI: https://doi.org/10.18371/fcaptp.v4i27.154211

INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FISCAL DEFICIT IN UKRAINE AND HUNGARY

S. I. Arkhiiereiev, A. S. Mytrofanova

Abstract


Today government budget scarcity is a relevant problem both for advanced economies and developing countries. Investigation of problems of budget deficit and public debt has had a long history and nowadays it is covered both in modern Ukrainian and foreign scientific literature.

The aim of the paper is to differ causes and factors of genesis of budget deficit, make statistical analysis of fiscal deficits in Ukraine and Hungary and develop recommendations for budget policy. Research methods are dialectical method, historical method, system approach, analysis and synthesis, comparison method, model building, statistical analysis.

Detailed analysis of factors and reasons for formation of general government budget deficit has been given in the paper. Direct causes (such as periods of economic crises, fiscal stimulation, increase in public debt) and concomitant negative factors of deepening budget deficit (such as unfavorable structure of public debt, imbalances of regional development, disadvantages of organization of budget system, disproportionate growth of social expenditures, shadow economy) have been differentiated. A retrospective investigation of budget deficit in Ukraine and Hungary has been carried out. The study is based on indices of budget deficit (deficit coefficient, elasticity of deficit, growth rate of fiscal deficit etc.). Conclusions have been drawn about the depth of this problem in Ukraine and Hungary. The possibilities of implementation of Hungarian experience into Ukrainian economy have been substantiated. The concepts of government budget balancing have been revealed. The system of measures for public policy of budget deficit reduction has been developed, namely: use of acceptable concept of budget balancing, ensuring stable economic growth, ensuring relative decrease in government spending, improving its efficiency, easing impact of related negative factors.


Keywords


general government budget deficit; indices of budget deficit; public debt; factors of budget deficit; fiscal policy; Hungary

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References


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Copyright (c) 2018 S. I. Arkhiiereiev, A. S. Mytrofanova

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ISSN (print) 2306-4994, ISSN (on-line) 2310-8770