DOI: https://doi.org/10.18371/fcaptp.v4i27.154215

FUNDING MECHANISMS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF MARINE STRATEGY FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE: EU EXPERIENCE

S. Kniaz, E. Pavlenko, O. Rubel, O. Zavnerchik

Abstract


Over the past decade, there have been signs of improvement of the Black Sea. However, its unique water areas and coastline are still under serious threat. The Black Sea is unprotected from significant anthropogenic pressures, and has a low adaptive potential. If as the region's economy grows, these pressures will intensify, the problem will become more serious.

The implementation of the Directive 2008/56/EC establishing a framework for Community action in the field of environmental policy on the marine environment (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) are important for Ukraine. The use of the marine environment, taking into account the ecosystem approach and the principle of integrated management improves the environment, biodiversity, development of industries marine complex, especially commercial fish and shellfish, recreation and tourism.

Directive 2008/56/EC aims to achieve good environmental status of marine waters and to protect the marine resources that affect the economic and social activities. The main stages of the implementation of Directive 2008/56/EC include: 1) adoption of national legislation and designation the authority or authorities competent for the implementation of this Directive; 2) initial assessment of the current  environmental status of marine waters; determine good environmental status for marine waters and establishment environmental targets and associated indicators; establishment of monitoring program for the development of ongoing assessment and regular updating purposes; 3) development programme of measures to achieve good environmental status.

Implementation of the MSFD requires more coordinated research, so that studies to evaluate benefits can be carried out across countries using comparable, state-of-the-art valuation methods. This could also include the combination of different valuation methods, e.g. of stated and revealed preference methods, to gain more reliable benefit estimates. Moreover, integrated modelling will be of utmost importance to link bio-geophysical and socio-economic systems and to trace the effects of changes in the marine environment to their impact on benefits.

Focus is on methodological questions related to a common understanding of the funding, technical and scientific implications of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. In particular, one of the objectives of the strategy is the development of non-legally binding and practical documents, such as co-financing of MSFD measures.


Keywords


marine strategy; funding mechanisms; implementation; directive; institutional background.

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References


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GOST Style Citations


Qiu W. The emerging policy landscape for marine spatial planning in Europe  / W. Qiu, P. J. S. Jones // Marine Policy. — 2013. — № 39. — Р. 182—190.

Elliott M. Management of the marine environment: integrating ecosystem services and societal benefits with the DPSIR framework in a systems approach / M. Elliott, A. J.  Gregory // Marine Pollution Bulletin. —  2011. — № 62. — P. 215—226.

Ehler C. Douvere Visions for a Sea Change. Report of the First International Workshop on Marine Spatial Planning, Intergovernmental Océanographie Commission and Man and the Biosphere Programme / C. Ehler // IOC Manual and Guides [ICAM Dossier 3. UNESCO, Paris]. — 2007. — № 46. — P. 123—148.

Hanusch M. Umweltprüfung in der Regionalplanung / M. Hanusch, D. Eberle, C. Jacoby et al. // E-Paper der ARL. — 2007. — № 1. —P. 245—253.

Carpenter  S. R. Science for managing ecosystem services: beyond the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment  / S. R. Carpenter, H. A. Mooney, J. Agard et al. // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. — 2009. — № 106 (5). — P. 1305—1312.

Roncin N. Uses of ecosystem services provided by MPAs: how much do they impact the local economy? A southern Europe perspective / N. Roncin, E. Alban, E. Charbonnel et al. // Journal for Nature Conservation.— 2008. — № 16. — P. 256—270.

Potts T. Do marine protected areas deliver flows of ecosystem services to support human welfare?/ T. Potts, D. Burdon, E. Jackson et al. // Marine Policy. — 2014. — № 44. — P. 139—148.

Cárcamo P. E. Using stakeholders' perspective of ecosystem services and biodiversity features to plan a marine protected area / P. Cárcamo, R. Garay-Flühmann, F. Squeo, C. Gaymer// Environmental Science & Policy. — 2014. — № 40. — P. 116—131.

Costanza R. The ecological, economic, and social importance of the oceans / R. Costanza // Ecological Economics. — 1999. — № 31.— P. 199—213.

Atkins J. P. Management of the marine environment: integrating ecosystem services and societal benefits with the DPSIR framework in a systems approach. / J. P. Atkins, D. Burdon, M. Elliott, A. J. Gregory // Marine Pollution Bulletin. — 2011. — № 62. — P. 215—226.

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ISSN (print) 2306-4994, ISSN (on-line) 2310-8770