DOI: https://doi.org/10.18371/fcaptp.v1i28.162687

LABOR PROTECTION IN BRANCHES: EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE OF NORMATIVE SUPPORT OF RISK-ORIENTED APPROACHES

O. M. Yaroshenko

Abstract


It is considered a system of organization of labour protection in Ukraine and the normative principles of safety and health in the European Union in the article. It is analysed the European normative principles of providing a risk-oriented approach to labour protection based on the principle of “unity and differentiation” of legal regulation of labor protection. At the same time, the differentiation of the provision of labor protection at European enterprises, in contrast to domestic ones, is provided both in terms of the specifics of work organization in a particular field of economics and the differentiation of the implementation of a risk-oriented approach to ensuring the safety and health of large, medium and small businesses. The particular attention is given to the methodological support of employers from European authorities by providing them with recommendations on risk assessment on the workplace. It is stressed that European standards on occupational safety and health establish that the work environment in the workplace of worker should not only reduce and prevent the impact on physical health of workers of production factors, but also ensure the worker’s health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not only the absence of illness or infirmity. It is substantiated that in order to improve the organization of labour protection of workers in Ukraine, it is necessary to review existing approaches for creation of safe and healthy working conditions and implement a risk-oriented approach. The basis for such review should be the improvement of labour legislation in a part of the legal regulation of labour protection. In Ukraine, for organization of labour protection system, it is necessary to introduce a European experience of ensuring safe and healthy working conditions on the workplace. The improvement of domestic system of labor protection in general and labor protection in the economic sectors should be based on established normative minimum standards of safety and health at the workplace, and the differentiation of legal regulation of occupational safety should take into account the peculiarities of labor processes in the industries and create conditions for implementing a risk-oriented approach to safety and health at small and medium enterprises.


Keywords


labor protection; risk-oriented approach; normative support; safe and healthy working conditions; workplace; and industrial environment.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Verkhovna Rada Ukrayiny. (1992). Zakon Ukrayiny «Pro okhoronu pratsi» vid 14.10.1992 № 2694-XII [Law of Ukraine «On labor protection» of 14.10.1992 № 2694-XII]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 49, Art. 668 [in Ukrainian].

Fond sotsialʹnoho strakhuvannya v Ukrayini. (2018). Profilaktyka vyrobnychoho travmatyzmu ta profesiynykh zakhvoryuvanʹ za I pivrichchya 2018 roku [Prevention of occupational injuries and occupational diseases for the first half of 2018]. www.fssu.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.fssu.gov.ua/fse/control/main/uk/publish/article/951811 [in Ukrainian].

Zaporozhets, O. I., & Gogunsky, V. D. (2013). Zavdannya naukovykh doslidzhenʹ z okhorony pratsi [The task of research on occupational safety]. Informatsiyni tekhnolohiyi v osviti, nautsi ta vyrobnytstvi Information technologies in education, science and industry, 4 (5), 19—23 [in Ukrainian].

Kodeks zakoniv pro pratsyu Ukrayiny [Code of Labor Laws of Ukraine]. (1971). Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady URSR Statements of Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR, 50, art. 375 [in Ukrainian].

Council Directive. (1989, June 12). The introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work (89/391/EEC). Official EN Journal of the European Union, 183/1—183/8.

The Constitution was adopted by the International Health Conference held in New York from 19 June to 22 July 1946, signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States. (2006). Basic Documents, October, 45 ed., Supplement, 1—18.

Council Directive 93/104/EC. (1993, November 23). Concerning certain aspects of the organization of working time. Official Journal of the European Communities, December, 13, 307/18—307/24.

Shchorichna dopovidʹ Upovnovazhenoho Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny z prav lyudyny pro stan dotrymannya prav i svobod lyudyny i hromadyanyna v Ukrayini [Annual report of the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights on the state of observance of human and civil rights and freedoms of Ukrainian]. (2016). Kyiv: Human Rights. ombudsman.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.ombudsman.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

Chernega, Yu. S., & Gogunsky, V. D. (2013). Upravlinnya ryzykamy v proektakh z okhorony pratsi yak metod usunennya shkidlyvykh i nebezpechnykh umov pratsi [Risk management in projects on occupational safety and health as a method for eliminating harmful and hazardous working conditions]. Vostochno-Yevropeyskiy zhurnal peredovykh tekhnologiiy East European Journal of Advanced Technology, 1/10 (61), 8385 [in Ukrainian].

Vovk, V. A. (2005). Formuvannia sotsialnoi polityky pidpryiemstva [Formation of the social policy of enterprise: dissertation abstract]. Extended abstract of candidates thesis. Kharkiv [in Ukrainian].

Girman, A. P. (2010). Formuvannia novoyi sotsialnoi polityky pidpryiemstva [Formation of a new social policy of enterprise]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoi derzhavnoi finansovoi akademii. Ekonomichni nauky Bulletin of the Dnepropetrovsk State Financial Academy. Economic Sciences, 2 (24), 2225 [in Ukrainian].

Office for Official Publications of the European Commissies. (1996). European Commission, Guidance on Risk Assessment at Work. Luxemburg.

Council Directive 90/269/EEC. (1990, May 29). The minimum health and safety requirements for the manual handling of loads where there is a risk particularly of back injury to workers. Official Journal of the European Communities, June, 21, 156 9—156/13.

Council Directive 90/270/EEC. (1990, May 29). The minimum safety and health requirements for work with display screen equipment. Official Journal of the European Communities, June, 21, 156/14—156/18.

Directive 2004/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. (2004, April 29). The protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to carcinogens or mutagens at work. Official Journal of the European Communities, June, 29, 229/23—229/34.

Council Directive 92/57/EEC. (1992, June 24). The implementation of minimum safety and health requirements at temporary or mobile construction sites. Official Journal of the European Communities, July, 26, 245/6— 245/22.

Council Directive 92/91/EEC. (1992, November 3). concerning the minimum requirements for improving the safety and health protection of workers in the mineral-extracting industries through drilling. Official Journal of the European Communities, November, 28, 348/9—348/24.


GOST Style Citations


Про охорону праці [Текст] : закон України від 14.10.1992 № 2694-XII // Відомості Верховної Ради України. — 1992. — № 49. — Ст. 668.

Профілактика виробничого травматизму та професійних захворювань за І півріччя 2018 року [Електронний ресурс] // Фонд соціального страхування в Україні. — Режим доступу: http://www.fssu.gov.ua/fse/control/main/uk/publish/article/951811.

Запорожець О. І. Завдання наукових досліджень з охорони праці [Текст] / О. І. Запорожець, В. Д. Гогунський // Інформаційні технології в освіті, науці та виробництві. — 2013. — Вип. 4 (5). — С. 19—23.

Кодекс законів про працю України [Текст] // Відомості Верховної Ради УРСР. — 1971. — № 50. — Ст. 375.

Council Directive of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work (89/391/EEC) [Text] // Official EN Journal of the European Union. — 1989. — 29.06. — L. 183/1—183/8.

The Constitution was adopted by the International Health Conference held in New York from 19 June to 22 July 1946, signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States [Text] // Basic Documents. — 2006. — October. — 45 ed. — Supplement. — P. 1—18.

Council Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November 1993 concerning certain aspects of the organization of working time [Text] // Official Journal of the European Communities. — 1993. — 13.12. — L 307/18—307/24.

Щорічна доповідь Уповноваженого Верховної Ради України з прав людини про стан дотримання прав і свобод людини і громадянина в Україні [Електронний ресурс]. — Київ : Права людини, 2016. — 538 с. — Режим доступу:  http://www.ombudsman.gov.ua.

Чернега Ю. С. Управління ризиками в проектах з охорони праці як метод усунення шкідливих і небезпечних умов праці [Текст] / Ю. С. Чернега, В. Д. Гогунський // Восточно-Европейский журнал передовых технологий. — 2013. — № 1/10 (61). — С. 83—85.

Вовк В. А. Формування соціальної політики підприємства [Текст] : автореф. дис. на здобуття наук. ступеня канд. екон. наук : 08.09.01 / В. А. Вовк. — Харків, 2005. — 21 с.

Гірман А. П. Формування нової соціальної політики підприємства [Текст] / А. П. Гірман // Вісник Дніпропетровської державної фінансової академії. Економічні науки. — 2010. — № 2 (24). — С. 22—25.

European Commission, Guidance on Risk Assessment at Work [Text] / Office for Official Publications of the European Commissies. — Luxemburg, 1996. — 62 р.

Council Directive 90/269/EEC of 29 May 1990 on the minimum health and safety requirements for the manual handling of loads where there is a risk particularly of back injury to workers [Text] // Official Journal of the European Communities. — 1990. — 21.06. — L 156 9—156/13.

Council Directive 90/270/EEC of 29 May 1990 on the minimum safety and health requirements for work with display screen equipment [Text] // Official Journal of the European Communities. — 1990. — 21.06. — L 156/14—156/18.

Directive 2004/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to carcinogens or mutagens at work [Text] // Official Journal of the European Communities. —2004. — 29.06. — L 229/23—229/34.

Council Directive 92/57/EEC of 24 June 1992 on the implementation of minimum safety and health requirements at temporary or mobile construction sites [Text] // Official Journal of the European Communities. — 1992. — 26.08.— L 245/6—245/22.

Council Directive 92/91/EEC of 3 November 1992 concerning the minimum requirements for improving the safety and health protection of workers in the mineral-extracting industries through drilling [Text] // Official Journal of the European Communities. — 1992. — 28.11.— L 348/9—348/24.





Copyright (c) 2019 O. M. Yaroshenko

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN (print) 2306-4994, ISSN (on-line) 2310-8770