DOI: https://doi.org/10.18371/fcaptp.v1i32.200528

CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER FORMATION BASED ONEUROPEAN EXPERIENCE AND LEADING WORLD TENDENCIES

M. Р. Butko, N. V. Ivanova, O. V. Popelo, G. M. Samiilenko

Abstract


The article conducted a thorough analysis of contemporary works of scientists dedicated to the research of regional economic development through the functioning of the clusters. The presence of a large number of scientific achievements in the world and in Ukraine on these issues is revealed, which testifies to the complexity and multidimensionality of the studied clustering process and the relevance of its further research. Further study of European experience in the sphere of clustering in this article has revealed more than fifty-year interest and intensification of practical actions in the formation cluster principle of developing European economies.

For a more thorough understanding of the mechanism of introduction and development of the cluster principle of different European countries, the article analyzed cluster experience in such ones as Italy, Austria, Denmark, Finland, France and their peculiarities. In particular, the driving factors and prerequisites of clustering are clarified; Measures, which contributed to the development of clusters, the concepts of clusters, features of the implementation and development of the cluster model, as well as the effects and results of clustering.

In the paper separately the analysis of the industry trend of the clustering industry of Western European countries was carried out, on the basis of which conclusions are made that the cluster policy should be conducted in the spheres of activity that define the perspective The region's economic specialization and has a high potential for growth and competitiveness.

Based on the European experience of the formation and development of cluster structures and peculiarities of the implementation of clustering processes and the state of functioning of industry in modern conditions in Ukraine in the article proposed conceptual scheme of construction Clustering of industry in the region, which consists in sequential implementation of such stages as conducting directly clustering taking into account the existing potential of the region, its innovation, investment and other resources; Development of strategy for the implementation of cluster initiatives; Monitoring, regulation and control over the cluster activities. At the same time, positive changes in the industry of the region, in our opinion, will positively influence the intensification of innovation and investment development, inter-regional ties, promising areas of activity, improving the level of competitiveness of products and services.


Keywords


region; cluster; industry

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ISSN (print) 2306-4994, ISSN (on-line) 2310-8770