OPTIMIZATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF AN INNOVATIVE CLUSTER ON A COMPETITIVE BASIS IN A FREE MARKET
Keywords:innovation cluster, competitiveness, economic-mathematical modeling, simulation model, decomposition
In the development of innovative economy it is important to create new cluster forms and models of joint activities that would take full account of the goals and potential of participants and features of territorial localization of economic entities interaction of one or related sectors. In this regard, the relevant areas of research are the development of tools for effective interaction of participants in innovation clusters in order to increase their competitiveness and ensure the stable development of the cluster as a whole. The aim of the article is to model the rational structure of the innovation cluster to increase the competitiveness of its members.The direct use of numerous models and methods of analysis and optimization of real cluster structures is quite difficult due to the complexity and large size of such tasks, but it is possible to build a simulation model to describe the associated activities of innovation cluster members, which should contain all available information about the simulated process, and to use the decomposition approach for its research.In the article it was calculated the simulation model, using economic-mathematical modeling, which is oriented towards choosing the optimal structure of the cluster association, the rational composition of its members, and the goals of their associated activities within the cluster. To determine the directions of the construction of the model, some properties were chosen from the whole spectrum of specific properties of the innovation cluster which define its economic content as a specific modeling structure. The simulation model of the optimal structure of the innovation cluster is calculated in the article with the help of economic-mathematical modeling. The proposed simulation model can be used to quantify the feasibility of creating a territorial production association of the cluster type, taking into account the specifics of the territory (region) of the cluster, the sectoral affiliation of its potential participants, the degree of institutional environment for such associated interaction for specific participants and a specific territorially localized economic system.
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